Go to main website Online catalogue
Wednesday 28 February 2024 22:49
Single Person record details
Person Code NA15188
Corporate Name Incorporated Trades of Stirling
Dates 16th-20th century
Activity The power to grant incorporated status to trades rested with the magistrates of royal burghs. An incorporated trade was granted the right to monopolise and control their trade within the burgh. Trade incorporations were usually constituted by a seal of cause granted by the magistrates but some were constituted by use and consuetude. A strict monopoly was enforced within the burgh and non-members of an incorporation were not allowed to trade within the bounds of the town. The Incorporation set strict guidelines controlling the quality of workmanship and protected work for the craft within the burghs against outsiders. It prevented apprentices from being drawn away from their masters and controlled standards of craftsmanship amongst its members. An entry fee had to be paid to gain admission. The son of a burgess paid the lowest fee, the son-in-law of a burgess paid more and a stranger paid the highest fee. Trades incorporations were usually governed by a deacon with the aid of a boxmaster and a council of craftsmen who were elected annually. They held a court which could fine craftsmen for contravening the rules and held the ultimate penalty of expulsion. The trades often incorporated with others to form united trades who had a right to representation in the council of the burgh along with representatives from the merchant guild. The representation on the council by trades and merchants was abolished in 1833 by the Royal Burghs (Scotland) Act (3 & 4 Will. IV, c.76) which provided for an elected town council. The exclusive privileges of trade were in decline towards the latter half of the eighteenth century and were finally abolished in 1846 by the Abolition of Exclusive Privilege of Trading in Burghs in Scotland Act (9 & 10 Vict., c.17). Thereafter the functions of the Incorporation were purely charitable: many incorporations were already providing assistance and financial relief to their members.The seven incorporated trades of Stirling were the Hammermen, Weavers, Tailors, Shoemakers, Fleshers, Skinners, and Bakers. Tolerated communities were the Maltmen, Mechanics, Omnium Gatherum, and Barbers.
Notes D. B. Morris, 'The Trade Incorporations of Stirling', (Stirling, c 1931)
Associated records
GB224/PD7Incorporated Trades of Stirlingc1423-1962
GB224/PD7/5Incorporated Trades of Stirling: Incorporation of Bakers1797-1962
GB224/PD7/6Incorporated Trades of Stirling: Incorporation of Cordinersc1423-1854
GB224/PD7/7Incorporated Trades of Stirling: Incorporation of Fleshers1658-1914
GB224/PD7/8Incorporated Trades of Stirling: Incorporation of Hammermen1596-1916
GB224/PD7/9Incorporated Trades of Stirling: Incorporation of Skinners1709-1898
GB224/PD7/10Incorporated Trades of Stirling: Incorporation of Tailors1556-1907
GB224/PD7/11Incorporated Trades of Stirling: Incorporation of Weavers1605-1902
GB224/PD7/12Incorporated Trades of Stirling: Incorporation of Mechanics1636-1883
GB224/PD7/13Incorporated Trades of Stirling: Incorporation of Omnium-gatherum1702-1889
GB224/PD7/15Incorporated Trades of Stirling: Incorporation of Maltmen1603-1911
GB224/PD7/1-4 PD7/14Incorporated Trades of Stirling: General and Miscellaneous1547-1962

Scottish Archive Network Limited, c/o National Records of Scotland, H M General Register House, 2 Princes Street, Edinburgh, EH1 3YY, tel +44 (0)131 535 1314; email: [email protected]