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Wednesday 6 December 2023 16:34
Single Person record details
Person Code NA24251
Family Name Montagu-Douglas-Scott
Activity The Dukes of Buccleuch stem from three different families: the Montagues, the Douglases and the Scotts. The Scotts were the lords of Buccleuch. They began to acquire significant estates from the 13th century onwards: Sir Walter Scott of Rankilburn and Murdiestoun, for example, who was killed at the battle of Homildon Hill in 1402, received the barony of Kirkurd from King Robert II in 1389. His grandson, Sir Walter Scott of Buccleuch or Branxholm, assisted with the suppression of the Douglases in the 1450s, for which he was well rewarded by King James II. His heir, David Scott of Buccleuch (d. 1492), was loyal to King James III at the end of his troubled reign. His great-grandson, Sir Walter Scott of Buccleuch (d. 1552), fought at the battle of Flodden in 1513, and later at the battle of Pinkie in 1547. His great-grandson, Sir Walter Scott of Buccleuch (1565-1611), was created Lord Scott of Buccleuch in 1606, and was a notable soldier in Scotland, England and in the Netherlands. Heir heir, Walter Scott (d. 1633), also a notable soldier, was created Earl of Buccleuch (and other titles) in 1619. His heir, Francis, 2nd Earl of Buccleuch, died young in 1651. His eldest daughter, Mary, succeeded as Countess of Buccleuch, but died aged 13 in 1661 (although already married to Walter Scott, created Earl of Tarras for life in 1660). She was succeeded by her sister, Anna, Countess of Buccleuch (d. 1732). She was the greatest heiress in Scotland, and was married in 1663 when aged 12 to James, Duke of Monmouth, natural son of King Charles II. They were created at that time Duke and Duchess of Buccleuch. He attempted to seize the throne in 1685, but was defeated, executed and his titles forfeited. His wife's titles were not affected, and she obtained a re-grant of the title of Duchess of Buccleuch in 1687. She was responsible for major rebuilding work at Dalkeith Palace (Midlothian).

Her grandson, Francis, Duke of Buccleuch (1695-1751), succeeded. He married Jane Douglas, eldest daughter of James, 2nd Duke of Queensberry, through whom that title (with a number of subsidiary titles) came to the Buccleuchs in 1810, in the person of his grandson Henry, 3rd Duke of Buccleuch and 5th of Queensberry (1746-1812). He married Elizabeth Montagu, heiress of George, Duke of Montagu, through whom the vast (English) Montagu estates came to the Buccleuchs. The family surname now came to be Montagu-Douglas-Scott. Walter Francis, 5th Duke of Buccleuch and 7th of Queensberry (1806-1884) was a keen agriculturist, undertaking an ambitious woodland replanting scheme, greatly assisting in the development of Drumlanrig Castle and estate (Dumfriesshire) to its modern form. The present Drumlanrig, the principal family home in Scotland, had been built by William, 3rd Earl of Queensberry (later 1st Duke of Queensberry) in 1637. Drumlanrig had been a Douglas property from the 14th century. The principal family home in England is Boughton House (Northamptonshire), a Montagu property. The present head of the family is Richard John Walter, 10th Duke of Buccleuch and 12th of Queensberry (1954-).

The family have held estates in the following counties: Lanarkshire, Selkirkshire, Peeblesshire, Roxburghshire, Dumfriesshire, Midlothian, Kirkcudbrightshire, Hampshire, Northamptonshire, Oxfordshire, Surrey, Warwickshire, Wiltshire.
Dates 17th century-present
Epithet family
NonPreferredTerm Earl of Dalkeith (courtesy title of heir)
Associated records
NRAS1Montague Douglas Scott Family, Dukes of Buccleuch and Queensberry1531-1816

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