The services administered by the council varied over the years but by 1904 these comprised police, cleansing, fire prevention, lighting, parks, the town hall, public baths, public health, sewers, water, the public library service, a slaughterhouse, gas and
electricity. The electricity undertaking was controlled by the council between 1902 and 1926, an accumulated deficit on the enterprise leading to its sale to the Scottish Central Electric Power Company. Health and hospital services, public assistance and the fire service accompaned the gas service into central government control in the years between 1945 and 1950. The burgh police force merged with that of Clackmannanshire in 1930 after the passing of the Local Government (Scotland) Act 1929. Burgh's activities were overseen by a series of committees and by 1974, the last year of its independent existence, the main standing committees comprised the Finance Committee, the Housing Committee, the Streets and Buildings Committee, the Civic Amenities Committee, the Public Health Committee and the Provost's Committee.In the latter years of its existence the burgh also participated in joint committees relating to burial grounds, sewage, incineration and slaughterhouses with other authorities in the county.
The Local Government (Scotland) Act 1973 abolished burghs, counties and district councils and the records of the Burgh of Alloa passed to the newly-created Central Region Archives Department in 1975, where they came under specialist archival control. After the Local Government (Scotland) Act 1995 introduced a system of unitary authorities responsibility for these records was vested in Clackmannanshire Council. The transfer of the records from the former Central Region repository (now occupied by Stirling Council Archives) to Clackmannanshire Council's archive store in Alloa took place in May 1997.
Significant gaps in the collection exist as a result of the absence of such early records as the Abstracts of Accounts for the period 1836 to l880 and the Minutes of the Town Trustees for the years 1803 to 1853. None of the pre-1803 burgh of barony records, assumed from analogous burgh material to have been of a limited nature, are present.
Gaps in holdings from the era of the police burgh include pre-1945 letterbooks and correspondence files. Similarly, although the relevant committee records survive, no operational records for the electricity and gas undertakings have found their way into the archive.